Tag Archives: 850173-95-4

Purpose The purpose of the present report was to explore whether

Purpose The purpose of the present report was to explore whether vowel metrics, demonstrated to distinguish dysarthric and healthy speech inside a companion article (Lansford & Liss, 2014), are able to predict human being perceptual performance. the producing percept. Conclusion Results provide evidence that degraded vowel acoustics have some effect on human being perceptual performance, actually in the presence of extravowel variables that naturally exert influence in term belief. = .794, C.967, and .942, respectively) in individuals with dysarthria secondary to amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and Parkinsons disease (PD). Y.-J. Kim et al. (2009) reported a less strong, albeit significant, predictive relationship between F2 slopes and scaled estimations of intelligibility in loudspeakers with dysarthria secondary to PD and stroke (= .684) has been reported (Liu, Tsao, & Kuhl, 2005). Conversely, Tjaden and Wilding (2004) shown less impressive predictive power of VSA metrics in ladies with dysarthria secondary to multiple sclerosis (MS) or PD, as approximately 6%C8% of the variance in scaled intelligibility ratings were accounted for by a subset of acoustic metrics that included VSA and F2 slope of /a? /. In the male loudspeakers, a different subset of metrics, which included F2 slope of /a?/ and /e?/ but not VSA, expected 12%C21% of the variance in intelligibility scores (Tjaden & Wilding, 2004). In another investigation, VSA accounted for only 12% of the variance in scaled severity scores in loudspeakers diagnosed with PD (McRae, Tjaden, & 850173-95-4 Schoonings, 2002). Therefore, the degree to which VSA steps expected intelligibility in these investigations would appear to be dependent on a number of elements, including gender from the loudspeaker, nature from the root disease, and kind of stimuli found in the analysis. H. Kim, Nfia Hasegawa-Johnson, and Perlman (2011), motivated by such mixed VSA findings, examined the power of alternate methods of vowel functioning space including lax vowel space region, mean Euclidean length between your vowels, F2 and F1 variability, and spectral overlap level among the vowels to anticipate intelligibility scores from loudspeakers with dysarthria secondary to CP. Significant predictive human relationships were exposed for VSA (= .63). Similarly, Whitehill et al. (2006) shown a significant relationship between VSA and vowel accuracy (= .32) in Cantonese loudspeakers with partial glossectomy. Bunton and Weismer (2001) evaluated the acoustic variations between correctly recognized and misperceived (tongue-height errors) vowel tokens and found that they were not reliably distinguishable. Inside a reanalysis of 850173-95-4 the Hillenbrand database, Neel (2008) focused her inquiry on the relationship between vowel acoustics and the perceptual recognition accuracy of vowel tokens produced by healthy adult loudspeakers. A host of derived vowel space measurements were regressed against the perceptual recognition scores, and subsets of these metrics were found to account for only 9%C12% of the variance in the perceptual scores. The results of this analysis were affected by a ceiling effect in the perceptual recognition scores, 850173-95-4 as healthy control loudspeakers were used. Inside a subsequent analysis, however, well-identified vowel tokens were found to be more special in F1 and F2, duration, and formant movement over time as compared with poorly recognized vowel tokens. Neel concluded that measurements of vowel distinctiveness among neighboring vowels, rather than VSA, might prove more useful in predicting vowel accuracy. This supports the notion that understanding the relationship between vowel acoustics and the related percept is key to defining the contribution of vowel degradation to overall actions of intelligibility. In the present report, we targeted to explore the relationship between degraded vowel acoustics and perceptual 850173-95-4 results in a large and varied cohort of dysarthric loudspeakers producing phrase-level material by using a wide variety of acoustic and perceptual actions. First, and in line with previous work, the correlative and predictive relationships between a number of established and novel vowel metrics and perceptual accuracy scores, including percentage of words correct and vowel accuracy, were evaluated (Analysis 1). Analysis 2 was designed to examine how the acoustics of a vowel influence its perception by comparing patterns of perceptual performance with the statistical classification of vowel token 850173-95-4 based strictly on acoustic data (discriminant function analysis). Analysis 1 Study Overview This investigation assessed the relationships between established and novel vowel metrics demonstrated to differentiate vowels produced by speakers with and without dysarthria (Lansford & Liss, 2014) and perceptual accuracy scores obtained from a transcription task, including intelligibility and vowel accuracy, in a heterogeneous cohort of dysarthric speakers producing read phrases. These relationships were first studied using correlation analysis, and then stepwise multiple regression analysis was used to generate predictive models of vowel and intelligibility accuracy. Method.